Requirements to obtain a Visa ESTA
In order to visit the United States, it is well known that you must have an authorization from the US consulate or embassy in your country.
Since 1988, the US Department of State has implemented the so-called "Visa Waiver Program" which granted simplified procedures for authorization to a larger number of people who intended to go to the US for business or tourist travel and from US allied countries. entry into American territory.
Since 2008, the Program has been totally transformed since the United States activated an electronic travel authorization system, the Electronic System for Travel Authorization, for all ESTA, it being understood that the rules of the original Program remain in force.
So let's see what ESTA is and how to apply for it, specifying what the necessary requirements are from both the traveler and the country of origin and which ones relating to travel planning within the United States.
What is ESTA and how to request it
ESTA is not an entry visa, but an exemption from applying for a visa and countries that have, in the judgment of the USA, some basic prerequisites, including being considered an internationally recognized sovereign state, can benefit from this concession. it is an ally of the USA or that it shares intelligence or security information, which is a high-income economy. Another of the requisites is that the acceding countries have the necessary and credible infrastructures to combat terrorism, such as border control and the possession of security structures to safeguard against international terrorism, and that there is no risk of frauds on passports keeping special archives that can be consulted in the event of theft or loss of the document by one of its citizens.
Over the years, several countries have joined the Program, and consequently with ESTA, some of them such as Argentina and Uruguay have been removed.
In order to obtain ESTA, a questionnaire must be completed in digital form, form I-94W, which is administered by the Department of National Security (DHS, Department Homeland Security) section Customs and Border Protection through the its reference site on the ESTA page translated into multiple languages.
This page is constantly updated to reflect the continuous changes that are made to the regulation in order to request ESTA which must be requested with a period prior to midnight on the boarding day equal to at least 3 (three) previous working days (72 hours).